that native Americans are not descended from the Hebrews at all, and there are references to wheeled carts, horses, steel, and the 7 day week, none of which were around in the West during the pre-Columbian era. I am not trying to be mean, I would like to believe in this story of the Lamanites and Nephites so please tell me how are these contradictions solved?DNA analysis doesn't prove "that native Americans are not descended from the Hebrews at all." It just doesn't support any such theory. There's plenty of room for belief in a small Hebrew population mixing with the natives. You say you would like to believe in this story ... well, R Rosskopf has answered all of your apparent contradictions. I look forward to news of your baptism.
R Rosskopf wrote:
As previously noted, DNA doesn't prove much.
5.1 Horses - their bones haven't been found, but there are traditions that they were known before the Spaniards arrived, and there are carvings of horses among the Mayan ruins.
5.2 Elephants - There are carvings of Elephants among the mayan ruins too.
5.3 Cattle and cows - Cattle can refer to bison, which did exist.
5.4 Swine - Wild boar did exist in North America.
5.5 Barley and wheat - Barley has been found. Wheat hasn't been found, but several different grains have been called wheat over the years, and the Mayan did eat cultivate grain.
5.6 Chariots or wheeled vehicles - No chariots have been found, but toys with wheels have been found. Liters have also been found in the stone carvings. The rulers liked to be carried in liters.
5.7 Steel and iron - The Mayans did have steel as it is traditionally defined, as well as iron. The modern definition of steel doesn't apply, as it hadn't been invented yet.
5.8 Metal swords, which had "rusted" - Iron implements have been found
5.9 Cimiters - cimiters were fairly common, as they were easy to make.
5.10 System of exchange based on measures of precious metals - certain weights of precious metals, to be precise. This was common before coinage was introduced. The Mayans also had such a system.
5.11 Silk - Fine cloth with a silklike smoothness has been found.
5.12 Knowledge of Hebrew and Egyptian languages - some say that the Popul Vuh shows a strong Hebrew influence.
5.13 Compass - The Book of Mormon doesn't mention a magnetic compass, but it does mention the Liahona which directed people by means of a spinning spindle. The Giron Gagal used by the Mayan had much the same function. Both translate as compass, or director.
5.14 Windows - Not all windows are "glass" windows. There are many windows among Mayan ruins.
So much has been found, that it is not unreasonable to yet expect many great discoveries. Pre-columbian Chickens were discovered just last year. That is another anachronism of the Book of Mormon.
The Mayan calendar wasn't based on a 7 day week, but that doesn't mean that some small Jewish subculture didn't use one. Mayan legends tell of a man named Jawbone who came across the ocean with his family. Jawbone is the literal definition of the Hebrew word Lehi, which is the father of two civilizations in the Book of Mormon. In the book "People of the Serpent", which chronicles one Mesoamerican legend, it talks about these white people who came across the ocean and brought civilization to the natives; they quickly became the leaders of great nations. Stone carvings show them dressed in Mediterranian clothing, and wearing beards.
It just takes a little digging.
Look under the topic Book of Mormon at the following website for more: